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RHEL 8 operating systems booted with a BIOS must require a unique superusers name upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes.


Overview

Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-244522 RHEL-08-010149 SV-244522r792984_rule Medium
Description
If the system does not require valid authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader for RHEL 8 and is designed to require a password to boot into single-user mode or make modifications to the boot menu. The GRUB 2 superuser account is an account of last resort. Establishing a unique username for this account hardens the boot loader against brute force attacks. Due to the nature of the superuser account database being distinct from the OS account database, this allows the use of a username that is not among those within the OS account database. Examples of non-unique superusers names are root, superuser, unlock, etc.
STIG Date
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-15

Details

Check Text ( C-47797r792983_chk )
For systems that use UEFI, this is Not Applicable.

Verify that a unique name is set as the "superusers" account:

$ sudo grep -iw "superusers" /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
set superusers="[someuniquestringhere]"
export superusers

If "superusers" is identical to any OS account name or is missing a name, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-47754r743814_fix)
Configure the system to have a unique name for the grub superusers account.

Edit the /etc/grub.d/01_users file and add or modify the following lines:

set superusers="[someuniquestringhere]"
export superusers
password_pbkdf2 [someuniquestringhere] ${GRUB2_PASSWORD}

Generate a new grub.cfg file with the following command:

$ sudo grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg