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RHEL 8 must disable the use of user namespaces.


Overview

Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-230548 RHEL-08-040284 SV-230548r833365_rule Medium
Description
It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the risk to the platform by providing additional attack vectors. The sysctl --system command will load settings from all system configuration files. All configuration files are sorted by their filename in lexicographic order, regardless of which of the directories they reside in. If multiple files specify the same option, the entry in the file with the lexicographically latest name will take precedence. Files are read from directories in the following list from top to bottom. Once a file of a given filename is loaded, any file of the same name in subsequent directories is ignored. /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /etc/sysctl.conf
STIG Date
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-15

Details

Check Text ( C-33217r833364_chk )
Verify RHEL 8 disables the use of user namespaces with the following commands:

Note: User namespaces are used primarily for Linux containers. If containers are in use, this requirement is not applicable.

$ sudo sysctl user.max_user_namespaces

user.max_user_namespaces = 0

If the returned line does not have a value of "0", or a line is not returned, this is a finding.

Check that the configuration files are present to enable this network parameter.

$ sudo grep -r user.max_user_namespaces /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf

/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf: user.max_user_namespaces = 0

If "user.max_user_namespaces" is not set to "0", is missing or commented out, this is a finding.

If conflicting results are returned, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-33192r818898_fix)
Configure RHEL 8 to disable the use of user namespaces by adding the following line to a file, in the "/etc/sysctl.d" directory:

Note: User namespaces are used primarily for Linux containers. If containers are in use, this requirement is not applicable.

user.max_user_namespaces = 0

The system configuration files need to be reloaded for the changes to take effect. To reload the contents of the files, run the following command:

$ sudo sysctl --system