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All RHEL 8 passwords must contain at least one special character.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-230375 RHEL-08-020280 SV-230375r833329_rule Medium
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. RHEL 8 utilizes "pwquality" as a mechanism to enforce password complexity. Note that to require special characters without degrading the "minlen" value, the credit value must be expressed as a negative number in "/etc/security/pwquality.conf".
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-15


Check Text ( C-33044r833328_chk )
Verify the value for "ocredit" with the following command:

$ sudo grep -r ocredit /etc/security/pwquality.conf*

/etc/security/pwquality.conf:ocredit = -1

If the value of "ocredit" is a positive number or is commented out, this is a finding.
If conflicting results are returned, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-33019r567872_fix)
Configure the operating system to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used by setting the "ocredit" option.

Add the following line to /etc/security/pwquality.conf (or modify the line to have the required value):

ocredit = -1