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RHEL 8 must implement address space layout randomization (ASLR) to protect its memory from unauthorized code execution.


Overview

Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-230280 RHEL-08-010430 SV-230280r833303_rule Medium
Description
Some adversaries launch attacks with the intent of executing code in non-executable regions of memory or in memory locations that are prohibited. Security safeguards employed to protect memory include, for example, data execution prevention and address space layout randomization. Data execution prevention safeguards can be either hardware-enforced or software-enforced with hardware providing the greater strength of mechanism. Examples of attacks are buffer overflow attacks. The sysctl --system command will load settings from all system configuration files. All configuration files are sorted by their filename in lexicographic order, regardless of which of the directories they reside in. If multiple files specify the same option, the entry in the file with the lexicographically latest name will take precedence. Files are read from directories in the following list from top to bottom. Once a file of a given filename is loaded, any file of the same name in subsequent directories is ignored. /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /etc/sysctl.conf
STIG Date
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-15

Details

Check Text ( C-32949r833302_chk )
Verify RHEL 8 implements ASLR with the following command:

$ sudo sysctl kernel.randomize_va_space

kernel.randomize_va_space = 2

If "kernel.randomize_va_space" is not set to "2", this is a finding.

Check that the configuration files are present to enable this kernel parameter.

$ sudo grep -r kernel.randomize_va_space /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf

/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf:kernel.randomize_va_space = 2

If "kernel.randomize_va_space" is not set to "2", is missing or commented out, this is a finding.

If conflicting results are returned, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-32924r818830_fix)
Configure the operating system to implement virtual address space randomization.

Add or edit the following line in a system configuration file, in the "/etc/sysctl.d/" directory:

kernel.randomize_va_space=2

Issue the following command to make the changes take effect:

$ sudo sysctl --system