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The Palo Alto Networks security platform that stores secret or private keys must use FIPS-approved key management technology and processes in the production and control of private/secret cryptographic keys.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-62551 PANW-AG-000017 SV-77041r2_rule Medium
Private key data is used to prove that the entity presenting a public key certificate is the certificate's rightful owner. Compromise of private key data allows an adversary to impersonate the key holder. Private key data associated with software certificates is required to be generated and protected in at least a FIPS 140-2 Level 1 validated cryptographic module.
Palo Alto Networks ALG Security Technical Implementation Guide 2016-06-30


Check Text ( C-63355r5_chk )
For PAN OS 6.1, enter the command "show fips-mode"; if the response is "off", this is a finding unless the device is in CC mode.

For PAN OS 6.1 and PAN OS 7.0.1 and later, when in CC mode, the CLI and the GUI login screen will display “CCEAL4 MODE ENABLED” and the GUI will display “CC” in the lower right hand corner. If these are present, this is not a finding.
Alternately, use the command line interface to determine if the device is operating in Common Criteria mode. Enter the command “show operational-mode”; if the response is not “CC”, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-68471r4_fix)
To configure the Palo Alto Networks security platform to operate in FIPS mode:
Power off the device by unplugging it from the electrical outlet.
Connect a console cable from the console port to a computer serial port, and use a terminal program to connect to the Palo Alto Networks device.
The serial parameters are 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit.
A USB to serial adapter will be necessary if the computer does not have a serial port.

During the boot sequence, this message will appear:
"Autoboot to default partition in 5 seconds".
Enter "maint" to enter maintenance mode.
Press "Enter", and the Maintenance Recovery Tool menu will appear.
Select "Set FIPS Mode" from the menu; once the device has finished rebooting, it will be in FIPS mode. The procedure for enabling CC mode is similar; however, select "Set CCEAL4 Mode" from the menu.

When the mode change is complete, the device will report the status as “Success”. After this is complete, it is necessary to reboot the device.

Note: This will remove all installed licenses and disable the serial port.