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The DBMS must uniquely identify and authenticate organizational users (or processes acting on behalf of organizational users).


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-220310 O121-P2-012800 SV-220310r395859_rule Medium
To assure accountability and prevent unauthorized access, organizational users shall be identified and authenticated. Organizational users include organizational employees or individuals the organization deems to have equivalent status of employees (e.g., contractors, guest researchers, individuals from allied nations). Users (and any processes acting on behalf of users) are uniquely identified and authenticated for all accesses other than those accesses explicitly identified and documented by the organization which outlines specific user actions that can be performed on the information system without identification or authentication.
Oracle Database 12c Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-13


Check Text ( C-22025r392061_chk )
Review DBMS settings, OS settings, and/or enterprise-level authentication/access mechanism settings, and site practices, to determine whether organizational users are uniquely identified and authenticated when logging on to the system.

If organizational users are not uniquely identified and authenticated, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-22017r392062_fix)
Configure DBMS, OS and/or enterprise-level authentication/access mechanism to uniquely identify and authenticate all organizational users who log on to the system. Ensure that each user has a separate account from all other users.