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Default demonstration and sample databases, database objects, and applications must be removed.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-220284 O121-C2-011500 SV-220284r395853_rule Medium
Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). It is detrimental for applications to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. Examples include, but are not limited to, installing advertising software, demonstrations, or browser plugins not related to requirements or providing a wide array of functionality not required for the mission. Applications must adhere to the principles of least functionality by providing only essential capabilities. Demonstration and sample database objects and applications present publicly known attack points for malicious users. These demonstration and sample objects are meant to provide simple examples of coding specific functions and are not developed to prevent vulnerabilities from being introduced to the DBMS and host system.
Oracle Database 12c Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-13


Check Text ( C-21999r391983_chk )
If Oracle is hosted on a server that does not support production systems, and is designated for the deployment of samples and demonstrations, this is not applicable (NA).

Review documentation and websites from Oracle and any other relevant vendors for vendor-provided demonstration or sample databases, database applications, schemas, objects, and files.

Review the Oracle DBMS to determine if any of the demonstration and sample databases, schemas, database applications, or files are installed in the database or are included with the DBMS application. If any are present in the database or are included with the DBMS application, this is a finding.

The Oracle Default Sample Schema User Accounts are:

Owns the Business Intelligence schema included in the Oracle Sample Schemas.

Manages the Human Resources schema. Schema stores information about the employees and the facilities of the company.

Manages the Order Entry schema. Schema stores product inventories and sales of the company's products through various channels.

Manages the Product Media schema. Schema contains descriptions and detailed information about each product sold by the company.

Manages the Information Exchange schema. Schema manages shipping through business-to-business (B2B) applications database.

Manages the Sales schema. Schema stores statistics to facilitate business decisions.

A demonstration account with a simple schema.

Connect to Oracle as SYSDBA; run the following SQL to check for presence of Oracle Default Sample Schema User Accounts:
select distinct(username) from dba_users where username in

If any of the users listed above is returned it means that there are demo programs installed, so this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-21991r391984_fix)
Remove any demonstration and sample databases, database applications, objects, and files from the DBMS.

To remove an account and all objects owned by that account (using BI as an example):

To remove objects without removing their owner, use the appropriate DROP statement (DROP TABLE, DROP VIEW, etc.).