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Changes to configuration options must be audited.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-219868 O121-BP-025800 SV-219868r401224_rule Medium
The AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS parameter is used to enable auditing of actions taken by the user SYS. The SYS user account is a shared account by definition and holds all privileges in the Oracle database. It is the account accessed by users connecting to the database with SYSDBA or SYSOPER privileges.
Oracle Database 12c Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-13


Check Text ( C-21579r533120_chk )
From SQL*Plus:

select value from v$parameter where name = 'audit_sys_operations';

If the value returned is FALSE, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-21578r533121_fix)
From SQL*Plus:

alter system set audit_sys_operations = TRUE scope = spfile;

The above SQL*Plus command will set the parameter to take effect at next system startup.