| Ensure the UNIX permission bits and user audit bits on the HFS directories and files for the FTP Server conform to the specifications in the table below: |
FTP Server HFS Object Security Settings
File Permission Bits User Audit Bits
/usr/sbin/ftpd 1740 fff
/usr/sbin/ftpdns 1755 fff
/usr/sbin/tftpd 0644 faf
/etc/ftp.data 0744 faf
/etc/ftp.banner 0744 faf
The /usr/sbin/ftpd and /usr/sbin/ftpdns objects are symbolic links to /usr/lpp/tcpip/sbin/ftpd and /usr/lpp/tcpip/sbin/ftpdns respectively. The permission and user audit bits on the targets of the symbolic links must have the required settings.
The TFTP Server does not perform any user identification or authentication, allowing any client to connect to the TFTP Server. Due to this lack of security, the TFTP Server will not be used. The TFTP Client is not secured from use.
The /etc/ftp.data file may not be the configuration file the server uses. It is necessary to check the SYSFTPD DD statement in the FTP started task JCL to determine the actual file.
The /etc/ftp.banner file may not be the banner file the server uses. It is necessary to check the BANNER statement in the FTP Data configuration file to determine the actual file.
The following represents a hierarchy for permission bits from least restrictive to most restrictive:
7 rwx (least restrictive)
0 --- (most restrictive)
The possible audit bits settings are as follows:
f log for failed access attempts
a log for failed and successful access
- no auditing
Some of the files listed above (e.g., /etc/ftp.data) are not used in every configuration. While the absence of a file is generally not a security issue, the existence of a file that has not been properly secured can often be an issue. Therefore, all files that do exist should have the specified permission and audit bit settings.
The following commands can be used (from a user account with an effective UID(0)) to update the permission bits and audit bits:
chmod 1740 /usr/lpp/tcpip/sbin/ftpd
chaudit rwx=f /usr/lpp/tcpip/sbin/ftpd
chmod 1755 /usr/lpp/tcpip/sbin/ftpdns
chaudit rwx=f /usr/lpp/tcpip/sbin/ftpdns
chmod 0744 /etc/ftp.data
chaudit w=sf,rx+f /etc/ftp.data
chmod 0744 /etc/ftp.banner
chaudit w=sf,rx+f /etc/ftp.banner