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PostgreSQL must generate audit records when successful accesses to objects occur.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-233621 CD12-00-012600 SV-233621r607088_rule Medium
Without tracking all or selected types of access to all or selected objects (tables, views, procedures, functions, etc.), it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident, or identify those responsible for one. In a SQL environment, types of access include, but are not necessarily limited to: SELECT INSERT UPDATE DELETE EXECUTE
Crunchy Data PostgreSQL Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-13


Check Text ( C-36815r607086_chk )
As the database administrator, verify pgaudit is enabled by running the following SQL:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ psql -c "SHOW shared_preload_libraries"

If the output does not contain "pgaudit", this is a finding.

Verify that role, read, write, and ddl auditing are enabled:

$ psql -c "SHOW pgaudit.log"

If the output does not contain role, read, write, and ddl, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-36780r607087_fix)
Note: The following instructions use the PGDATA and PGVER environment variables. See supplementary content APPENDIX-F for instructions on configuring PGDATA and APPENDIX-H for PGVER. To ensure logging is enabled, review supplementary content APPENDIX-C for instructions on enabling logging.

If logging is enabled, the following configurations must be made to log unsuccessful connections, date/time, username, and session identifier.

As the database administrator (shown here as "postgres"), edit postgresql.conf:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ vi ${PGDATA?}/postgresql.conf

Edit the following parameters:

log_connections = on
log_line_prefix = '< %m %u %c: >'
pgaudit.log = 'read, write'

* %m is the time and date
* %u is the username
* %c is the session ID for the connection

As the system administrator, reload the server with the new configuration:

$ sudo systemctl reload postgresql-${PGVER?}