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PostgreSQL must uniquely identify and authenticate organizational users (or processes acting on behalf of organizational users).


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-233612 CD12-00-011500 SV-233612r607061_rule Medium
To ensure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational users must be identified and authenticated to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system. Organizational users include organizational employees or individuals the organization deems to have equivalent status of employees (e.g., contractors). Organizational users (and any processes acting on behalf of users) must be uniquely identified and authenticated for all accesses, except the following: (i) Accesses explicitly identified and documented by the organization. Organizations document specific user actions that can be performed on the information system without identification or authentication; and (ii) Accesses that occur through authorized use of group authenticators without individual authentication. Organizations may require unique identification of individuals using shared accounts, for detailed accountability of individual activity.
Crunchy Data PostgreSQL Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-06-13


Check Text ( C-36806r607059_chk )
Review PostgreSQL settings to determine whether organizational users are uniquely identified and authenticated when logging on/connecting to the system.

To list all roles in the database, as the database administrator (shown here as "postgres"), run the following SQL:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ psql -c "\du"

If organizational users are not uniquely identified and authenticated, this is a finding.

Next, as the database administrator (shown here as "postgres"), verify the current pg_hba.conf authentication settings:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ cat ${PGDATA?}/pg_hba.conf

If every role does not have unique authentication requirements, this is a finding.

If accounts are determined to be shared, determine if individuals are first individually authenticated. If individuals are not individually authenticated before using the shared account, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-36771r607060_fix)
Note: The following instructions use the PGDATA environment variable. See supplementary content APPENDIX-F for instructions on configuring PGDATA.

Configure PostgreSQL settings to uniquely identify and authenticate all organizational users who log on/connect to the system.

To create roles, use the following SQL:


For more information on CREATE ROLE, see the official documentation: https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/sql-createrole.html

For each role created, the database administrator can specify database authentication by editing pg_hba.conf:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ vi ${PGDATA?}/pg_hba.conf

An example pg_hba entry looks like this:

host test_db bob scram-sha-256

For more information on pg_hba.conf, see the official documentation: https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/auth-pg-hba-conf.html.