The Cisco switch must be configured to use an authentication server for the purpose of authenticating users prior to granting administrative access.
Centralized management of user accounts and authentication increases the administrative access to the switch. This control is a particularly important protection against the insider threat. With robust centralized management, audit records for administrator account access to the organization's network devices can be more readily analyzed for trends and anomalies. The alternative method of defining administrator accounts on each device exposes the device configuration to remote access authentication attacks and system administrators with multiple authenticators for each network device.