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The Ubuntu operating system must implement address space layout randomization to protect its memory from unauthorized code execution.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-238369 UBTU-20-010448 SV-238369r654282_rule Medium
Some adversaries launch attacks with the intent of executing code in non-executable regions of memory or in memory locations that are prohibited. Security safeguards employed to protect memory include, for example, data execution prevention and address space layout randomization. Data execution prevention safeguards can either be hardware-enforced or software-enforced with hardware providing the greater strength of mechanism. Examples of attacks are buffer overflow attacks.
Canonical Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Security Technical Implementation Guide 2021-11-19


Check Text ( C-41579r654280_chk )
Verify the Ubuntu operating system implements address space layout randomization (ASLR) with the following command:

$ sudo sysctl kernel.randomize_va_space

kernel.randomize_va_space = 2

If nothing is returned, verify the kernel parameter "randomize_va_space" is set to "2" with the following command:

$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space


If "kernel.randomize_va_space" is not set to "2", this is a finding.

Verify that a saved value of the "kernel.randomize_va_space" variable is not defined.

$ sudo egrep -R "^kernel.randomize_va_space=[^2]" /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.d

If this returns a result, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-41538r654281_fix)
Remove the "kernel.randomize_va_space" entry found in the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file or any file located in the "/etc/sysctl.d/" directory.

After the line has been removed, the kernel settings from all system configuration files must be reloaded before any of the changes will take effect. Run the following command to reload all of the kernel system configuration files:

$ sudo sysctl --system