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The Ubuntu operating system must immediately terminate all network connections associated with SSH traffic after a period of inactivity.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-238212 UBTU-20-010036 SV-238212r653811_rule Medium
Automatic session termination addresses the termination of user-initiated logical sessions in contrast to the termination of network connections that are associated with communications sessions (i.e., network disconnect). A logical session (for local, network, and remote access) is initiated whenever a user (or process acting on behalf of a user) accesses an organizational information system. Such user sessions can be terminated (and thus terminate user access) without terminating network sessions. Session termination terminates all processes associated with a user's logical session except those processes that are specifically created by the user (i.e., session owner) to continue after the session is terminated. Conditions or trigger events requiring automatic session termination can include, for example, organization-defined periods of user inactivity, targeted responses to certain types of incidents, and time-of-day restrictions on information system use. This capability is typically reserved for specific Ubuntu operating system functionality where the system owner, data owner, or organization requires additional assurance.
Canonical Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Security Technical Implementation Guide 2021-11-19


Check Text ( C-41422r653809_chk )
Verify that all network connections associated with SSH traffic automatically terminate after a period of inactivity.

Verify the "ClientAliveCountMax" variable is set in the "/etc/ssh/sshd_config" file by performing the following command:

$ sudo grep -i clientalivecountmax /etc/ssh/sshd_config

ClientAliveCountMax 1

If "ClientAliveCountMax" is not set, is not set to "1", or is commented out, this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-41381r653810_fix)
Configure the Ubuntu operating system to automatically terminate inactive SSH sessions after a period of inactivity.

Modify or append the following line in the "/etc/ssh/sshd_config" file, replacing "[Count]" with a value of 1:

ClientAliveCountMax 1

Restart the SSH daemon for the changes to take effect:

$ sudo systemctl restart sshd.service