UCF STIG Viewer Logo

The Ubuntu operating system must use a file integrity tool to verify correct operation of all security functions.


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-219343 UBTU-18-010515 SV-219343r880897_rule Medium
Without verification of the security functions, security functions may not operate correctly and the failure may go unnoticed. Security function is defined as the hardware, software, and/or firmware of the information system responsible for enforcing the system security policy and supporting the isolation of code and data on which the protection is based. Security functionality includes, but is not limited to, establishing system accounts, configuring access authorizations (i.e., permissions, privileges), setting events to be audited, and setting intrusion detection parameters. This requirement applies to the Ubuntu operating system performing security function verification/testing and/or systems and environments that require this functionality.
Canonical Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Security Technical Implementation Guide 2022-12-06


Check Text ( C-21068r880895_chk )
Verify that Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment (AIDE) is installed and verifies the correct operation of all security functions.

Check that the AIDE package is installed with the following command:
$ sudo dpkg -l | grep aide
ii aide 0.16-3ubuntu0.1 amd64 Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment - static binary

If AIDE is not installed, ask the System Administrator how file integrity checks are performed on the system.

If there is no application installed to perform integrity checks, this is a finding.

If AIDE is installed, check if it has been initialized with the following command:
$ sudo aide.wrapper --check

If the output is "Couldn't open file /var/lib/aide/aide.db for reading", this is a finding.
Fix Text (F-21067r880896_fix)
Install AIDE, initialize it, and perform a manual check.

Install AIDE:
$ sudo apt install aide

Initialize it (this may take a few minutes):
$ sudo aideinit
Running aide --init...

Example output:

Start timestamp: 2022-11-20 11:53:17 -0700 (AIDE 0.16)
AIDE initialized database at /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new
Verbose level: 6

Number of entries: 119543

The attributes of the (uncompressed) database(s):

RMD160 : PiEP1DX91JMcHnRSPnpFqNfIFr4=
TIGER : /zM5yQBnOIoEH0jplJE5v6S0rUErbTXL
SHA256 : BE2iHtBN9lEX53l4R/p7t1al0dIlsgPc
SHA512 : JIdGeNVRgtBPPSwun9St+9cwUrgIIKUW
CRC32 : jB2FVw==
HAVAL : Jhe+fqaDpkswpWSnOTN28TO05QFHsjdq
GOST : WFrarVyxpXbKdW9SAaOy1Te8rSodV3/q

End timestamp: 2022-11-20 11:58:19 -0700 (run time: 5m 2s)

The new database will need to be renamed to be read by AIDE:
$ sudo cp -p /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new /var/lib/aide/aide.db

Perform a manual check:
$ sudo aide.wrapper --check

Example output:
Start timestamp: 2022-11-20 11:59:16 -0700 (AIDE 0.16)
AIDE found differences between database and filesystem!!