|SI-3 (1) Central Management ||MODERATE |
Central management is the organization-wide management and implementation of malicious code protection mechanisms. Central management includes planning, implementing, assessing, authorizing, and monitoring the organization-defined, centrally managed flaw malicious code protection security controls.
The organization centrally manages malicious code protection mechanisms.
|SI-3 (2) Automatic Updates ||MODERATE |
Malicious code protection mechanisms include, for example, signature definitions. Due to information system integrity and availability concerns, organizations give careful consideration to the methodology used to carry out automatic updates.
The information system automatically updates malicious code protection mechanisms.
|SI-3 (3) Non-Privileged Users || |
Withdrawn: Incorporated into AC-6 (10).
|SI-3 (4) Updates Only By Privileged Users || |
This control enhancement may be appropriate for situations where for reasons of security or operational continuity, updates are only applied when selected/approved by designated organizational personnel.
The information system updates malicious code protection mechanisms only when directed by a privileged user.
|SI-3 (5) Portable Storage Devices || |
Withdrawn: Incorporated into MP-7.
|SI-3 (6) Testing / Verification || |
The organization: SI-3 (6)(a)
Tests malicious code protection mechanisms Assignment: organization-defined frequency by introducing a known benign, non-spreading test case into the information system; and SI-3 (6)(b)
Verifies that both detection of the test case and associated incident reporting occur.
|SI-3 (7) Nonsignature-Based Detection || |
Nonsignature-based detection mechanisms include, for example, the use of heuristics to detect, analyze, and describe the characteristics or behavior of malicious code and to provide safeguards against malicious code for which signatures do not yet exist or for which existing signatures may not be effective. This includes polymorphic malicious code (i.e., code that changes signatures when it replicates). This control enhancement does not preclude the use of signature-based detection mechanisms.
The information system implements nonsignature-based malicious code detection mechanisms.
|SI-3 (8) Detect Unauthorized Commands || |
This control enhancement can also be applied to critical interfaces other than kernel-based interfaces, including for example, interfaces with virtual machines and privileged applications. Unauthorized operating system commands include, for example, commands for kernel functions from information system processes that are not trusted to initiate such commands, or commands for kernel functions that are suspicious even though commands of that type are reasonable for processes to initiate. Organizations can define the malicious commands to be detected by a combination of command types, command classes, or specific instances of commands. Organizations can define hardware components by specific component, component type, location in the network, or combination therein. Organizations may select different actions for different types/classes/specific instances of potentially malicious commands.
The information system detects Assignment: organization-defined unauthorized operating system commands through the kernel application programming interface at Assignment: organization-defined information system hardware components and Selection (one or more): issues a warning; audits the command execution; prevents the execution of the command.
|SI-3 (9) Authenticate Remote Commands || |
This control enhancement protects against unauthorized commands and replay of authorized commands. This capability is important for those remote information systems whose loss, malfunction, misdirection, or exploitation would have immediate and/or serious consequences (e.g., injury or death, property damage, loss of high-valued assets or sensitive information, or failure of important missions/business functions). Authentication safeguards for remote commands help to ensure that information systems accept and execute in the order intended, only authorized commands, and that unauthorized commands are rejected. Cryptographic mechanisms can be employed, for example, to authenticate remote commands.
The information system implements Assignment: organization-defined security safeguards to authenticate Assignment: organization-defined remote commands.
|SI-3 (10) Malicious Code Analysis || |
The application of selected malicious code analysis tools and techniques provides organizations with a more in-depth understanding of adversary tradecraft (i.e., tactics, techniques, and procedures) and the functionality and purpose of specific instances of malicious code. Understanding the characteristics of malicious code facilitates more effective organizational responses to current and future threats. Organizations can conduct malicious code analyses by using reverse engineering techniques or by monitoring the behavior of executing code.
The organization: SI-3 (10)(a)
Employs Assignment: organization-defined tools and techniques to analyze the characteristics and behavior of malicious code; and SI-3 (10)(b)
Incorporates the results from malicious code analysis into organizational incident response and flaw remediation processes.